Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR001 Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
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Criteria: A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Coordinates: 41o 30 N 26o 30 E (Map)
Altitude: 30-60 m
Area: 20000 ha

Site Description
This site stretches along the River Evros, from Pithio to Ormenio, and part of the River Ardas. Riverine forest is dominated by Populus and Salix species. The forest exists in a mosaic of grassland, scrub, freshwater ponds with reedbeds ( Phragmites ) and some arable land. A large part of the area is a military zone.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (10%, Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas), Forest (60%, Alluvial and very wet forest), Grassland (5%, Humid grasslands), Shrubland (5%, Scrub), Wetland (25%, Mud flats and sand flats; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (20%), fisheries/aquaculture (10%), military (80%), urban/industrial/transport (10%), water management (30%)

Protection status

National Low International None
400ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Kalos Gialas/Plati- Arzouendash Rizion- Filakiou, 400ha).25229 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA(GR1110008).


The site is very important for breeding, migrating and wintering waterbirds, raptors and passerines. Two heronries with more than 250 pairs of Nycticorax nycticorax, Egretta garzetta and Ardea cinerea lie within the IBA.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Dendrocopos syriacus Syrian Woodpecker resident 1997 Common unknown B3, C6
Accipiter brevipes Levant Sparrowhawk breeding 1997 20 - good B2
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant non-breeding 1997 40 - unknown A1, C1
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-heron breeding 1997 120 - good B2, C6
Lanius minor Lesser Grey Shrike breeding 1997 Common unknown B2, C6

Conservation issues
The heronry at Dikaia is threatened by logging of the trees. There is a rubbish tip in the forest of the River Arda (`Other' threats). A further threat is from agricultural intensification, particularly increased use of fertilizers and pesticides, irrigation and drainage. Hunting is a threat in winter.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), dredging/canalization (low), groundwater abstraction (medium), other (low), selective logging/cutting (high), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
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