Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR103 Sperchios valley and delta-Maliakos gulf
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Criteria: A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C4, C6
Coordinates: 38o 51' N 22o 32' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-1000 m
Area: 34000 ha

Site Description
The site contains the estuary of the Sperchios river, an area of extensive saltmarshes and reedbeds ( Phragmites ). Along the river is a mosaic of riverine forest, wet grassland and freshwater marsh.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (Arable land), Forest (5%, Alluvial and very wet forest), Sea/marine area (30%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (10%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (50%, Mud flats and sand flats; Rivers and streams; Salt marshes; Sand dunes and beaches; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture, fisheries/aquaculture, water management

Protection status
National Low International Partial
1,225 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Ekvoles Sperchiou, 1,225 ha).
3966 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) YGROTOPOS EKVOLON (DELTA) SPERCHIOU(GR2440005).

This is an important area for species characteristic of riverine forest, reedbed and open water. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (passage, wintering), Aquila clanga (wintering), Falco naumanni (breeding). The site regularly holds 20,000 or more waterbirds in winter (including Anas crecca 4,250; Recurvirostra avosetta 1,310).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck passage 0 - - unknown A1, C1
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew non-breeding 1963 1 - good A1, C1
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet winter 1990 1310 1310 average A4i, B1i, B2, C6
Larus genei Slender-billed Gull winter 1994 Frequent unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Sterna albifrons Little Tern breeding 1996 Frequent unknown C6

Conservation issues
The main threats are from agricultural expansion, drainage and infrastructure developments. Part of the riverine forest within the SPA has been cleared as a result of European Union funded flood-control work. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (high), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (medium), drainage (high), filling-in of wetlands (medium), firewood collection (low), forest grazing (low), infrastructure (high), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
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