Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR105 Mount Vardousia
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Criteria: B2, B3, C6
Coordinates: 38o 40' N 22o 8' E (Map)
Altitude: 500-2437 m
Area: 21300 ha

Site Description
A rugged mountain with an extensive alpine zone, limited Abies woodland, and extensive grasslands. The main human activity is livestock-farming.

Habitats: Coastline/rocky areas (20%, Inland cliffs; Scree and boulders), Forest (43%, Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone), Grassland (34%, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Mesophile grasslands), Shrubland (10%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (5%, Rivers and streams)

Land use: agriculture (70%), hunting, not utilised

Protection status
National Partial International None
1,653ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Makria Rachi, Dryodasos Pentagion/Kokkinou, 1,653ha). Part of IBA covered by Controlled Hunting Area (Orini Parnassidus, 24,0341ha). Part of IBA covered by Controlled Hunting Area (Makrin Rachi, Dryodaxsos Pentagion, 1,767ha).

An important site for resident raptors, forest and alpine grassland.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge resident 1990 Common unknown B2
Gypaetus barbatus Lammergeier resident 1995 1 - unknown B2, C6
Parus lugubris Sombre Tit resident 1996 Common unknown B3

Conservation issues
The main threats are illegal hunting and the use of poison baits. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: disturbance to birds (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
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