Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR106 Mount Ghiona, Reka ravine, Lazorema, and Vathia Lakka
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Criteria: A3, B2, B3, C6
Coordinates: 38o 37' N 22o 16' E (Map)
Altitude: 600-2510 m
Area: 25000 ha

Site Description
A mountain with extensive rocky areas and alpine grasslands. Human activities include livestock-farming, hunting, mining and recreation. The Reka ravine is used for the water-supply to the town of Amfissa.

Habitats: Coastline/rocky areas (15%, Inland cliffs; Scree and boulders), Forest (40%, Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone), Grassland (43%, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Mesophile grasslands), Shrubland (5%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (90%), forestry (30%), hunting

Protection status
National Partial International None
2,894ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Leukaditiou/Sykeas, 2,894ha). 3,300ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Rekas/Prosiliou, 3,300ha). Part of IBA covered by Controlled Hunting Area (Orini Parnassidas, 24,034ha).10547 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) KORYFES OROUS GKIONA, CHARADRA REKA, LAZOREMA KAI VATHIA LAKKA(GR2450007).

This is an important area for raptors and alpine species. Breeding birds include four of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Eurasian high-montane biome.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Gypaetus barbatus Lammergeier resident 1995 1 2 average B2, C6
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Red-billed Chough resident 1996 10 50 poor B2, C6
Pyrrhocorax graculus Yellow-billed Chough resident 1996 200 600 poor A3
Monticola solitarius Blue Rock-thrush resident 1993 Common unknown B2
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 1996 Abundant unknown B3
Tichodroma muraria Wallcreeper resident 1987 Common unknown A3
Parus lugubris Sombre Tit resident 1996 Common unknown B3
Montifringilla nivalis White-winged Snowfinch resident 1987 Rare unknown A3
Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor resident 1996 50 200 poor A3

Conservation issues
The main threats are from open-cast bauxite mining and the use of poisoned baits. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: extraction industry (high), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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