Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR107 Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos
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Criteria: A3, B2, B3, C6
Coordinates: 38o 32' N 22o 35' E (Map)
Altitude: 200-2457 m
Area: 19400 ha

Site Description
A rugged area of tall cliffs, grassland and Abies and Pinus forests. The main human activities are tourism and livestock-farming.

Habitats: Coastline/rocky areas (20%, Inland cliffs; Scree and boulders), Forest (25%, Native coniferous woodland), Grassland (40%, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Mesophile grasslands), Shrubland (20%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (50%), not utilised, tourism/recreation (20%)

Protection status
National Partial International Low
Part of IBA covered by National Park (Parnassos, 3,513 ha). 2,650 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Asprochoma-Psilo-Prontoli-Kelari/Arachovas, 2,650 ha).
3695 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PARNASSOU(GR2410002).

An important area for raptors and alpine species. Breeding birds include four of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Eurasian high-montane biome.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge resident 1990 Common unknown B2
Gypaetus barbatus Lammergeier resident 1997 1 1 unknown B2, C6
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle resident 1990 Common unknown C6
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon resident 1986 Common unknown C6
Pyrrhocorax graculus Yellow-billed Chough resident 1993 Abundant unknown A3
Monticola solitarius Blue Rock-thrush resident 1988 Common unknown B2
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 1993 Abundant unknown B3
Tichodroma muraria Wallcreeper resident 1986 Common unknown A3
Sylvia rueppelli Rueppell's Warbler breeding 1988 Common unknown B3, C6
Montifringilla nivalis White-winged Snowfinch resident 1985 Uncommon unknown A3
Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor resident 1993 Common unknown A3
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 1985 Frequent unknown B3, C6

Conservation issues
The main threats are from tourism development and hunting. A management plan for the Parnassos National Park is under preparation. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
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