Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR109 Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons Istieas
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Criteria: B1i, C3
Coordinates: 39o 0' N 23o 8' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-3 m
Area: 1008 ha

Site Description
A small coastal wetland near Istiea, fed by freshwater springs and streams, with two lagoons, and riverine forest.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (Arable land; Ruderal land), Forest (Alluvial and very wet forest), Grassland (9%, Humid grasslands), Sea/marine area (44%, Open Sea), Wetland (45%, Coastal lagoons; Fens, transition mires and springs; Sand dunes and beaches; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (22%), fisheries/aquaculture (62%), tourism/recreation (11%), urban/industrial/transport (5%)

Protection status
National Low International None
1ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Istiaia Remnant of Swamp-forest, 1ha).450 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) MEGALO & MIKRO LIVARI-DELTA XIRIA(GR2420007).

This is an important site for passage and wintering waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (6- 10 passage individuals), Falco naumanni (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Cygnus olor Mute Swan winter 1993 10 1600 good B1i, C3

Conservation issues
The main threats are illegal building of holiday houses, dredging and infilling at Livari, expansion of arable land, logging of the alluvial forest, hunting, and grazing pressure. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (low), aquaculture/fisheries (medium), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (low), deforestation (commercial) (medium), drainage (high), dredging/canalization (high), filling-in of wetlands (high), firewood collection (medium), groundwater abstraction (medium), industrialization/urbanization (high), recreation/tourism (high), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
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Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: