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Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR112 Lake Distos
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Criteria: A3, B2, C2, C6
Coordinates: 38o 21' N 24o 8' E (Map)
Altitude: 16-590 m
Area: 2600 ha

Images
Site Description
An eutrophic freshwater lake largely covered by reed Phragmites . In recent years the lake has been almost completely drained.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Arable land), Shrubland (60%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (20%, Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (80%), water management (20%)

Appendices
Protection status
National Partial International None
Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Argriro- Pr. Hlias- Panagia/Aliveriou- Argirou- Pras, 5,440ha).2600 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) LIMNI DYSTOS(GR2420008).


Birds
This is an important area for breeding herons. Breeding birds include nine of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge resident 1986 - - unknown A3
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck breeding 1988 10 - unknown C6
Ixobrychus minutus Little Bittern breeding 1991 20 100 average B2, C2, C6
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear breeding 1991 - - unknown A3
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 1991 Frequent unknown A3
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler breeding 0 - - unknown A3
Sylvia rueppelli Rueppell's Warbler breeding 1986 - - unknown A3
Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler resident 1984 - - unknown A3
Sylvia cantillans Subalpine Warbler breeding 1984 - - unknown A3
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 1991 Common good A3
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting breeding 1991 - - unknown A3
Appendices

Conservation issues
The main threat is continued abstraction of water for industry and agriculture that threatens the lake with complete drainage. Another serious threat is the planned construction of two wind-farms in the hills surrounding the site.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (high), burning of vegetation (medium), drainage (high), groundwater abstraction (high), industrialization/urbanization (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)
Appendices


Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society


IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2017 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail: info@ornithologiki.gr
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: thess@ornithologiki.gr