Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR113 Mount Ochi and surrounding area
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Criteria: A4ii, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Coordinates: 38o 3' N 24o 27' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-1398 m
Area: 18000 ha

Site Description
A coastal mountain dominated by grazed scrub with numerous springs and streams. Livestock-farming is the main activity.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (13%, Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Coastline/rocky areas (6%, Inland cliffs; Rock stacks and islets; Scree and boulders; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (21%, Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland), Grassland (5%, Humid grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland), Sea/marine area (5%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (55%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub), Wetland (5%, Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (75%), fisheries/aquaculture (10%), forestry (10%), tourism/recreation (5%)

Protection status
National None International None

The site is particularly important for passage migrants. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Larus audouinii (non-breeding).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-owl resident 1989 5 - poor B2, C6
Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater non-breeding 1996 - 900 good A4ii, B1ii, C2
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 1996 200 - unknown B3
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 1996 150 - unknown B3, C2, C6

Conservation issues
Expansion of the road network and the ensuing development of tourism pose a serious threat to the area. Other threats are from mining in the western and northern parts of the site, abandonment of land, overgrazing, the use of poisoned baits, and the planned construction of wind-farms within the area. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (low), agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), deforestation (commercial) (high), extraction industry (high), filling-in of wetlands (medium), forest grazing (high), industrialization/urbanization (high), infrastructure (high), intensified forest management (high), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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