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Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR119 Divari Pilou lagoon (Gialova)
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Criteria: A4i, B1i, C2, C3
Coordinates: 36o 58' N 21o 40' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-0 m
Area: 600 ha

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Site Description
The wetland can be divided into brackish lagoons and freshwater marshes. Beyond these is a buffer zone of cultivated fields and maquis. The main human activities are fishing, livestock- and arable-farming, tourism and hunting.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Arable land; Forestry plantations), Coastline/rocky areas (5%, Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Shrubland (10%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (70%, Coastal lagoons; Fens, transition mires and springs; Mud flats and sand flats; Salt marshes; Sand dunes and beaches; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater)

Land use: agriculture (14%), fisheries/aquaculture (65%), tourism/recreation (30%)

Appendices
Protection status
National High International None
600ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Limni Divari- Valtos/Pylou- Romanou, 700ha).1025 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) LIMNOTHALASSA GIALOVAS & NISOS SFAKTIRIA(GR2550008).


Birds
This is an important site for wintering and passage waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Pelecanus crispus (passage), Aythya nyroca (10- 20 passage individuals), Falco naumanni (10- 20 passage individuals), Gallinago media (10- 20 passage individuals).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper passage 1996 300 500 good A4i, B1i, C3
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper passage 1996 7000 11000 good A4i, B1i, C2
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole passage 1996 117 117 good B1i, C2
Sterna nilotica Gull-billed Tern passage 1996 210 220 good B1i, C2
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant winter 1996 1000 1000 good B1i, C3
Egretta garzetta Little Egret passage 1995 1500 2000 good A4i, B1i, C2
Casmerodius albus Great Egret winter 1996 280 360 good A4i, B1i, C2
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis passage 1996 1600 1800 good A4i, B1i, C2
Appendices

Conservation issues
The main threats are fishing, increasing salinity in the freshwater marsh as a result of ground and surface water abstraction for agriculture, infilling of the wetland and hunting. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (low), aquaculture/fisheries (high), groundwater abstraction (high), infrastructure (high), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)
Appendices


Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society


IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2017 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail: info@ornithologiki.gr
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: thess@ornithologiki.gr