Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR012 Nestou delta and coastal lagoons
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Criteria: A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Coordinates: 40o 58' N 24o 48' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-10 m
Area: 22000 ha

Site Description
The site consists of a series of brackish lagoons and arable fields with fragmented patches of freshwater marsh, grassland, saltmarsh and forest. Human activities include agriculture, fishing, forestry and tourism.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Arable land; Forestry plantations), Forest (10%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland), Grassland (10%, Humid grasslands), Sea/marine area (7%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Wetland (58%, Coastal lagoons; Mud flats and sand flats; Sand dunes and beaches; Standing freshwater; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters)

Land use: agriculture (20%), fisheries/aquaculture (30%), forestry (10%), tourism/recreation (5%), water management (50%)

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
930 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Dasohoriou (Foni tis Amerikis)/Erasmiou, 930 ha). 7,800 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Dasos Nestou (Kotza Orman), 7,800 ha). Part of IBA overlaps with Protected Area. Part of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Nestos delta, 21,930 ha).
14606 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA(GR1150001).

This is an important site for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds, raptors and passerines associated with reedbeds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Branta ruficollis (wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (5 resident individuals), Aquila heliaca (wintering), Gallinago media (25 wintering individuals), Larus audouinii (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Cygnus olor Mute Swan winter 1996 200 1300 unknown B1i, C3
Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose winter 0 - 26 unknown A1, C1
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck passage 0 Abundant unknown A1, C1
Dendrocopos syriacus Syrian Woodpecker resident 0 Abundant unknown B3, C6
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew passage 0 Rare unknown A1, C1
Burhinus oedicnemus Eurasian Thick-knee breeding 1996 20 40 unknown C6
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover resident 0 40 70 unknown B2
Vanellus spinosus Spur-winged Lapwing breeding 1993 25 33 unknown B2, C6
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole breeding 1996 20 100 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2
Larus melanocephalus Mediterranean Gull breeding 0 300 700 unknown B3, C2, C6
Sterna albifrons Little Tern breeding 1996 80 450 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Accipiter brevipes Levant Sparrowhawk breeding 0 10 - unknown B2
Aquila clanga Greater Spotted Eagle winter 1997 4 16 unknown A1, C1
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel passage 0 Abundant unknown A1, C1
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant resident 1996 Common unknown B2, C6
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant winter 1996 250 1800 unknown A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant winter 1996 150 3300 unknown B1i, C3
Phalacrocorax aristotelis European Shag resident 0 - 50 unknown B1i, C2
Casmerodius albus Great Egret winter 1996 120 500 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Ixobrychus minutus Little Bittern breeding 0 Abundant unknown C6
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican passage 1996 Abundant unknown A1, C1
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican winter 1996 10 35 unknown A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Ciconia ciconia White Stork breeding 0 Abundant unknown B2, C6
Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater winter 1996 - 400 unknown B1ii, C2
Lanius minor Lesser Grey Shrike breeding 0 Abundant unknown B2, C6
Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike breeding 0 Common unknown B2
Calandrella brachydactyla Greater Short-toed Lark breeding 0 Abundant unknown C6

Conservation issues
The main threats are from the intensification of agriculture, the construction of hydroelectric dams upriver of the IBA, overgrazing and hunting. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (high), aquaculture/fisheries (medium), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (high), deforestation (commercial) (low), drainage (medium), industrialization/urbanization (medium), infrastructure (medium), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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