Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR121 Southern Mani, Mount Sanghias and Cape Tenaro
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Criteria: A3, B2, B3
Coordinates: 36o 34' N 22o 27' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-1214 m
Area: 25000 ha

Site Description
A rocky, mountainous peninsula in the southern Peloponissos. The area is dominated by phrygana and oak Quercus forests.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (10%, Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Coastline/rocky areas (40%, Inland cliffs; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Shrubland (40%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (70%), tourism/recreation (30%)

Protection status
National None International None

This is an important site for passage raptors and passerines. Breeding birds include seven of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila heliaca (non-breeding).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge resident 1996 Common average A3
Athene noctua Little Owl resident 1996 Common unknown B2
Monticola solitarius Blue Rock-thrush resident 1996 Common unknown B2
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear breeding 1996 Abundant unknown A3, B2
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 1996 Abundant unknown A3, B3
Sylvia rueppelli Rueppell's Warbler breeding 1996 Uncommon unknown A3
Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler resident 1996 Abundant unknown A3
Sylvia cantillans Subalpine Warbler breeding 1996 Common unknown A3
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 1996 Rare unknown A3

Conservation issues
Major threats are from hunting, land abandonment in the remoter areas, infilling of small wetlands for tourism, fires and forest grazing.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (medium), agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), burning of vegetation (high), consequences of animal/plant introductions (high), disturbance to birds (high), forest grazing (medium), recreation/tourism (high), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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