Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR123 East Lakonia mountains
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Criteria: B2, B3, C6
Coordinates: 36o 55' N 22o 57' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-1329 m
Area: 80000 ha

Site Description
An area of mountains, sea cliffs and gorges. Phrygana, maquis and sclerophyllous scrub dominate, with areas of Abies forest. The main human activities are livestock-farming and hunting.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (5%, Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Coastline/rocky areas (10%, Inland cliffs; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (8%, Native coniferous woodland), Sea/marine area (5%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (80%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (80%), fisheries/aquaculture (5%), forestry (8%), not utilised (5%)

Protection status
National Low International None
800ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Kourkoula/Molaon, 800ha). 3,000ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Zarakos/Koupion- Kremasti- Richeas- Lambokampou, 3,000ha).37537 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) ORI ANATOLIKIS LAKONIAS(GR2540007).

The site is an important corridor for migratory passerines and breeding and migrant raptors.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Snake-eagle breeding 1996 3 20 average C6
Hieraaetus fasciatus Bonelli's Eagle resident 1995 2 6 good B2, C6
Lanius senator Woodchat Shrike breeding 1996 Frequent average B2
Monticola solitarius Blue Rock-thrush resident 1996 Frequent average B2
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear breeding 1996 Common average B2
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 1996 Common average B3
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler breeding 1996 Uncommon poor B2, C6
Sylvia hortensis Orphean Warbler breeding 1996 Uncommon poor B2
Sylvia rueppelli Rueppell's Warbler breeding 1996 Uncommon poor B3, C6
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 1989 Rare poor B3, C6

Conservation issues
The main threats are land abandonment and hunting. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (high), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: