Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR013 Nestos gorge
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Criteria: A1, B2, C1, C6
Coordinates: 41o 8' N 24o 43' E (Map)
Altitude: 10-1268 m
Area: 14500 ha

Site Description
The site has a large gorge with steep rocky slopes. Forest occupies the bottom of the gorge whilst the surrounding mountain slopes are covered with a mixture of forest and maquis. Human activities include agriculture, mining, tourism and hunting.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (5%, Arable land), Coastline/rocky areas (5%, Inland cliffs), Forest (40%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland), Shrubland (45%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (5%, Rivers and streams)

Land use: agriculture (45%), fisheries/aquaculture (5%), forestry (35%), nature conservation and research (20%), tourism/recreation (5%), urban/industrial/transport (5%), water management (5%)

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
2,380 ha of IBA covered by Aesthetic Forest (Stena Nestou, 2,380 ha). 1,125 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Stena Nestou/Kehrokambos, 1,125 ha). 3,000 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Stena Nestou/Stavroupolis, 3,000 ha).
9000 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) STENA NESTOU(GR1120004).

This is an important site for breeding, passage and wintering raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (wintering), Aegypius monachus (passage), Aquila clanga (wintering), Aquila heliaca (wintering), Falco naumanni (passage), Gallinago media (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Merops apiaster European Bee-eater breeding 0 50 100 unknown B2
Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-owl breeding 0 2 3 unknown B2, C6
Gyps fulvus Eurasian Griffon breeding 1996 16 - unknown C6
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant winter 0 60 - unknown A1, C1

Conservation issues
The main threats include the expansion of marble quarries, road building, hunting and uncontrolled tourism development. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: aquaculture/fisheries (unknown), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (high), disturbance to birds (unknown), extraction industry (high), infrastructure (high), intensified forest management (medium), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
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Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: