Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR132 Lakes Khortaro and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen, and Fakos peninsula
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Criteria: A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Coordinates: 39o 53' N 25o 17' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-319 m
Area: 14000 ha

Site Description
A wetland complex including coastal lagoons, a seasonal brackish marsh, extensive saltmarshes and sandflats and a freshwater marsh with reedbeds ( Phragmites ). Both lakes dry out in late summer. Human activities include arable cultivation, fishing, hunting, and aquaculture.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (30%, Arable land), Grassland (10%, Humid grasslands), Sea/marine area (20%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Wetland (40%, Coastal lagoons; Fens, transition mires and springs; Mud flats and sand flats; Sand dunes and beaches; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (50%), fisheries/aquaculture (15%), military (8%), not utilised (10%), urban/industrial/transport (5%), water management (15%)

Protection status
National Partial International Low
Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Komi-Tourles-Chortarolimni/Romanou-Roussopouliou, 950 ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Palaiokastro-Alepotripes-Voutsadika/Panagias-Plaka, 1,200 ha).
1302 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) YGROTOPOI CHORTAROLIMNI KAI ALYKI LIMNOY(GR4110006).

The site is important for migratory waders and raptors and wintering wildfowl. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck resident 1996 - 8 good B2, C6
Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck winter 1996 - 850 good B1i, C3
Burhinus oedicnemus Eurasian Thick-knee breeding 1996 20 - good B2, C6
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet breeding 1996 - 45 good C6
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel breeding 1996 - 220 good A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Phoenicopterus ruber Greater Flamingo winter 1996 - 5000 good A4i, B1i, C2

Conservation issues
Lake Aliki is threatened by plans to convert it to an industrialized saltpan. Other threats include the filling-in of wetland, rubbish dumping (`Other' threats, above) and hunting. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: aquaculture/fisheries (low), disturbance to birds (medium), dredging/canalization (high), filling-in of wetlands (high), industrialization/urbanization (high), other (medium), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
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Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: