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Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR138 Gera gulf-Dipi and Haramida marshes, Lesvos
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Criteria: A4i, B1i, B2, C2
Coordinates: 39o 5' N 26o 25' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-30 m
Area: 5000 ha

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Site Description
A shallow gulf which includes a river delta, coastal lagoons, freshwater marshes, rivers, streams, wet meadows, and reedbeds ( Phragmites ). Human activities include fishing, agriculture, water management, tourism, quarrying, and hunting.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (5%, Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Sea/marine area (35%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Wetland (60%, Fens, transition mires and springs; Mud flats and sand flats; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (40%), fisheries/aquaculture (5%), not utilised (30%), urban/industrial/transport (10%), water management (10%)

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Protection status
National Low International None
Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Divolo- Akothi/Loutron Lesvou, 300ha).


Birds
The site is important for passage migrants and as a foraging area for raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (up to 10 wintering individuals).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Larus melanocephalus Mediterranean Gull passage 1997 5000 - unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike breeding 1996 Frequent unknown B2
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Conservation issues
The site is seriously threatened. There is intense pressure from housing, tourist and industrial developments. Wetland areas are subject to infilling and rubbish dumping. Water quality is declining as a result of agricultural intensification and sewerage, and salinity is increasing as a result of groundwater abstraction. Quarrying produces large amounts of solid waste. The fishery is being over-exploited. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), aquaculture/fisheries (low), disturbance to birds (high), drainage (medium), extraction industry (medium), filling-in of wetlands (medium), groundwater abstraction (medium), industrialization/urbanization (high), recreation/tourism (high), unsustainable exploitation (medium)
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Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society


IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2017 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail: info@ornithologiki.gr
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: thess@ornithologiki.gr