Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR140 Psara and Antipsara islands
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Criteria: A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Coordinates: 38o 34' N 25o 35' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-564 m
Area: 3900 ha

Site Description
A group of islands covered with maquis and phrygana and few trees. The main activities include fishing and stock-raising and some tourism.

Habitats: Coastline/rocky areas (10%, Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Shrubland (90%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (90%), fisheries/aquaculture (10%)

Protection status
National Partial International None
1,230ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Xirokampos- Ftelia/Psaron, 1,230ha).500 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) NISIA ANTIPSARA & NISIDES DASKALIO, MATROGIORGO, PRASONISI, KATO NISI, MESIAKO, KOYTSOYLIA(GR4130002).

The site is important for breeding seabirds, and breeding and passage raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Falco naumanni (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon breeding 1993 40 70 poor A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2
Phalacrocorax aristotelis European Shag resident 1993 100 180 average B1i, C2
Calonectris diomedea Cory's Shearwater breeding 1993 100 200 poor C6
Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater breeding 1993 100 200 poor B1ii, B3, C2

Conservation issues
The main threat is from intensive illegal hunting. Overfishing, disturbance and introduced cats and rats are also problems.

Threats: aquaculture/fisheries (medium), consequences of animal/plant introductions (low), disturbance to birds (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
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Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: