gr
Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR144 Fourni islands
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Criteria: A1, A4ii, B1ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Coordinates: 37o 40' N 26o 30' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-514 m
Area: 5000 ha

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Site Description
A complex of 16 islands characterized by cliffs and rocky shores. The dominant vegetation is phrygana and maquis with some olive-groves and cereal fields. Human activities include livestock-farming, fishing, hunting and recreation.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (5%, Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Coastline/rocky areas (20%, Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Sea/marine area (10%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (65%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (65%), fisheries/aquaculture (10%), not utilised (25%), tourism/recreation (5%)

Appendices
Protection status
National None International None
5000 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) NISOS FOURNOI KAI NISIDES THIMAINA, ALATSONISI, THIMAINAKI, STRONGYLO, PLAKA, MAKRONISI, MIKROS KAI MEGALOS ANTHROPOFAGOS, AGIOS MINAS(GR4120006).


Birds
This is an important area for breeding seabirds and species typical of Mediterranean scrub. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla .

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Larus audouinii Audouin's Gull resident 1996 40 55 good A1, B2, C1, C6
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel breeding 1996 18 20 good A1, C1
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon breeding 1997 100 - average A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2
Calonectris diomedea Cory's Shearwater breeding 0 - - unknown B2, C6
Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater breeding 1996 Abundant average A4ii, B1ii, B3, C2
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Conservation issues
Increasing tourism is the most important threat. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (low), aquaculture/fisheries (unknown), forest grazing (low), recreation/tourism (high), unsustainable exploitation (high)
Appendices


Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society


IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail: info@ornithologiki.gr
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: thess@ornithologiki.gr