Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
Home page :: IBAs :: Crete::
GR175 Tiganis peninsula and the islands of Gramvouses and Pontikonisi
Send    Appendices 
Criteria: A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2
Coordinates: 35o 35' N 23o 35' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-762 m
Area: 5544 ha

Site Description
A rocky peninsula with phrygana and sea cliffs, and four islands.

Habitats: Coastline/rocky areas (5%, Inland cliffs; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Sea/marine area (10%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (85%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (75%), fisheries/aquaculture (10%), tourism/recreation, urban/industrial/transport

Protection status
National None International None
3000 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) XERSONISOS GRAMVOUSAS KAI NISIDES IMERI KAI AGRIA GRAMVOUSA, PONTIKONISI(GR4340017).

An important site for raptors associated with sea cliffs, and seabirds.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon breeding 1982 70 100 good A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2

Conservation issues
The recent opening of an access road is likely to lead to increased tourism, building and hunting. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), industrialization/urbanization (medium), infrastructure (high), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: