Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
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GR196 Koufonisi island
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Criteria: B2
Coordinates: 34o 56' N 26o 8' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-64 m
Area: 525 ha

Site Description
A small island and adjacent islets off south-eastern Crete. Dry grassland is the dominant vegetation cover. Human activities include fishing and tourism, although there are no permanent inhabitants on the island.

Habitats: Grassland (70%, Steppes and dry calcareous grassland), Sea/marine area (5%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (15%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (5%, Sand dunes and beaches)

Land use: fisheries/aquaculture (5%), tourism/recreation, unknown

Protection status
National None International None

This is an important site for breeding raptors associated with coastal areas and seabirds.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon breeding 1978 10 40 average B2

Conservation issues
The main threats are from increasing tourism and more intensive fishing. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: aquaculture/fisheries (medium), recreation/tourism (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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