Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR025 River Axios
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Criteria: A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Coordinates: 40o 47' N 22o 38' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-70 m
Area: 12400 ha

Site Description
This site contains the River Axios together with patches and islands of riverine forest and pasture.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Arable land), Forest (10%, Alluvial and very wet forest), Wetland (70%, Rivers and streams)

Land use: agriculture (20%), water management (30%)

Protection status
National Partial International None
1,310 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Reserve (Palmitsi-Kampas/Evzonan-M. Dasous, 1,310 ha).
27800 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) DELTA AXIOU-LOUDIA-ALIAKMONA-ALYKI KITROUS(GR1220010).

The site is an important corridor for migratory species. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila clanga (1- 3 wintering individuals).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant winter 1997 5000 - good A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2

Conservation issues
A major threat, particularly to waterbirds, is the extraction of sand from the river-bed, sandbanks and forested areas. Chemical industries deposit solid toxic waste along the river. Urban and agricultural pollution are also problems. The river is dammed and water is extracted for irrigation.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (high), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (medium), extraction industry (high), industrialization/urbanization (high), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: