Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR037 Mount Athos
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Criteria: B1ii, C2
Coordinates: 40o 10' N 24o 20' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-2033 m
Area: 12000 ha

Site Description
A coastal area of rugged hills and mountains. The site covers the southern part of the peninsula of Agion Oros.

Habitats: Coastline/rocky areas (10%, Inland cliffs; Scree and boulders; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (60%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone), Shrubland (40%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub)

Land use: forestry (50%), nature conservation and research (20%), not utilised (50%)

Protection status
National None International High
12,000ha of IBA covered by World Heritage Site (Mount Athos, 31,000ha).

This is a nationally important area for breeding and passage raptors. Shearwaters occur offshore. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Falco naumanni , Larus audouinii .

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater unknown 1987 Abundant good B1ii, C2

Conservation issues
The main threats are from logging, intensive forest management and a disease that kills Castanea sativa (`Other' threats).

Threats: burning of vegetation (unknown), deforestation (commercial) (low), infrastructure (unknown), intensified forest management (medium), other (medium), selective logging/cutting (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: