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Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR039 Mountain Voras (Kaimaktchalan)
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Criteria: B2, B3, C6
Coordinates: 40o 58' N 21o 55' E (Map)
Altitude: 500-2524 m
Area: 52286 ha

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Site Description
A tall mountain with densely forested valleys. The main human activities include forestry, livestock-farming and winter sports.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (8%, Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land), Forest (63%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone), Grassland (15%, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland), Shrubland (12%, Scrub)

Land use: agriculture (30%), forestry (60%), tourism/recreation (20%)

Appendices
Protection status
National Partial International Partial
3 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Pefkoto Beech Forest, 3 ha). 192 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Almopia Forest, 192 ha). 3,775 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Ano Koryfis-Dragos-Ormas/Ormas-Sarakinon, 3,775 ha). 4,800 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Skopou, 4,800 ha). 192 ha of IBA covered by Biogenetic Reserve (Council of Europe) (Natural Monument of Mixed Forest Almopias Aridaias, 192 ha).
40326 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) KORYFES OROUS VORAS(GR1240001).


Birds
This is an important area for resident raptors, forest species and species associated with open montane habitats. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila heliaca , Falco naumanni (non-breeding).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Strix aluco Tawny Owl resident 1996 Common unknown B3
Hieraaetus fasciatus Bonelli's Eagle resident 1996 2 - unknown C6
Emberiza cia Rock Bunting resident 1996 Frequent unknown B2
Appendices

Conservation issues
Threats include the construction of a ski centre and its associated infrastructure and more widespread tourism-based development. A dam is planned for the Papadia river. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (low), afforestation (low), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (low), extraction industry (high), firewood collection (medium), infrastructure (high), intensified forest management (high), recreation/tourism (high), unsustainable exploitation (medium)
Appendices


Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society


IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2017 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail: info@ornithologiki.gr
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: thess@ornithologiki.gr