Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR043 Alyki Kitros lagoon
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Criteria: A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Coordinates: 40o 22' N 22o 38' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-20 m
Area: 1500 ha

Site Description
A coastal lagoon surrounded by dunes, saltpans, saltmarsh, holiday homes and residential areas.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (6%, Arable land), Sea/marine area (5%, Open Sea), Wetland (89%, Coastal lagoons; Salt marshes; Sand dunes and beaches; Standing brackish and salt water)

Land use: agriculture (35%), tourism/recreation (5%), urban/industrial/transport (41%), water management (20%)

Protection status
National High International High
1,500 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Alyki Kitrous, 1,784 ha).
27800 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) DELTA AXIOU-LOUDIA-ALIAKMONA-ALYKI KITROUS(GR1220010).

The site is important for passage and wintering waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (1- 5 wintering individuals), Branta ruficollis (wintering), Oxyura leucocephala (wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (wintering), Aquila clanga (wintering).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck winter 1996 - 1000 unknown B1i, C3
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet passage 1989 - 1240 good A4i, B1i, C2
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet breeding 1989 128 - good B3, C6
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet winter 1991 486 - good B1i, B2, C2, C6
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole breeding 1996 60 - unknown B1i, B2, C2
Larus genei Slender-billed Gull breeding 1992 45 - unknown C2
Sterna nilotica Gull-billed Tern breeding 1996 - 48 unknown B2, C6
Sterna albifrons Little Tern breeding 1996 - 60 average C6

Conservation issues
The major threat is from housing development in the areas of dunes and saltmarsh. Larus melanocephalus no longer occurs as a breeding species as a result of disturbance. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: industrialization/urbanization (high), recreation/tourism (unknown), unsustainable exploitation (unknown)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
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