Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR044 Mount Olympos
Send    Appendices 
Criteria: A3, B2, B3, C6
Coordinates: 40o 8' N 22o 25' E (Map)
Altitude: 200-2917 m
Area: 42000 ha

Site Description
The highest mountain in Greece with extensive subalpine meadows, cliffs and Pinus woodland. At lower altitudes there are areas of broadleaved evergreen woodland.

Habitats: Coastline/rocky areas (Inland cliffs; Scree and boulders), Forest (Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland), Grassland (Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland), Shrubland (Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture, forestry, nature conservation and research, tourism/recreation

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
6,000 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Siopoto-Paliabela/Kokkinoplou, 6,000 ha). 1,525 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Reserve (Magouta-Alonaki-Karamana/Elassonas, 1,525 ha). 4,000 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Reserve (Karias, 4,000 ha). 3,998 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Mount Olympos, 3,998 ha). 1,226 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Ag. Ioanni-Trohalo/Litohoriou, 1,226 ha). 4,000 ha of IBA covered by Biogenetic Reserve (Council of Europe) (Etnikos Drymos Olympou (Core area), 4,000 ha). 4,000 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Mount Olympus National Park, 4,000 ha).
17420 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) ETHNIKOS DRYMOS OLYMPOU(GR1250005).

This is an important area for resident raptors, forest species and species associated with open alpine areas. Breeding birds include four of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Eurasian high-montane biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aegypius monachus .

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge resident 1996 - - unknown B2
Strix aluco Tawny Owl resident 1996 - - unknown B3
Gypaetus barbatus Lammergeier resident 1995 - 2 unknown C6
Pyrrhocorax graculus Yellow-billed Chough resident 1996 - 100 unknown A3
Monticola saxatilis Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush breeding 1996 - - unknown B2
Tichodroma muraria Wallcreeper breeding 1988 - - unknown A3
Montifringilla nivalis White-winged Snowfinch breeding 1988 - - unknown A3
Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor resident 1996 - - unknown A3

Conservation issues
Threats include disorganized tourism development and the construction of numerous communication antennae. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: infrastructure (low), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (unknown)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: