Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR048 Lake Kastoria (Orestiada)
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Criteria: A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Coordinates: 40o 31' N 21o 18' E (Map)
Altitude: 620-620 m
Area: 3400 ha

Site Description
An inland freshwater lake with the town of Kastoria on its shore. Around the north-western part of the lake an area of riverine forest remains.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (30%, Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas), Forest (10%, Alluvial and very wet forest), Grassland (5%, Humid grasslands), Wetland (60%, Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (20%), fisheries/aquaculture, tourism/recreation (30%), urban/industrial/transport (10%)

Protection status
National Partial International None
3,400ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Limni, Vouno Kastorias, 7,050ha).3350 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) LIMNI ORESTIAS (KASTORIAS)(GR1320003).

An important foraging area for Pelecanus crispus . Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck breeding 1993 - 30 unknown A1, B2, C1, C6
Mergus merganser Common Merganser winter 1993 5 10 average B1i, C3
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant winter 1993 - 500 average A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron breeding 1993 10 50 average B2, C2, C6
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican passage 1993 50 100 average A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2

Conservation issues
The remaining riverine forest is threatened by agricultural expansion and road building. The lake water is polluted by agricultural run-off and sewerage from Kastoria. Tourist facilities are likely to expand in the future. The site has an Environmental Education Centre. A management plan is under preparation. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (high), firewood collection (medium), industrialization/urbanization (medium), recreation/tourism (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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