Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR005 South forest complex of Evros prefecture
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Criteria: A1, A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Coordinates: 40o 58' N 25o 55' E (Map)
Altitude: 20-950 m
Area: 71800 ha

Site Description
A forest complex at the south-eastern end of the Rodopi mountain. It is characterized by low hills covered with Quercus, Caprinus, Fraxinus and Acer woodland and scrub. Fagus forest dominates the northern area; Pinus forest and plantations occur in the south. Small wetlands are also found in the area.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (25%, Arable land; Forestry plantations), Coastline/rocky areas (7%, Inland cliffs), Forest (62%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland), Shrubland (7%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (14%, Rivers and streams; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (30%), forestry (70%), military (10%), tourism/recreation (5%), urban/industrial/transport (5%)

Protection status
National Low International None
534ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Drimou/Nipsas, 534ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Pylaia/Kavisou- Ferron, 650ha).29275 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) NOTIO DASIKO SYMPLEGMA EVROU(GR1110009).

This is an important site for breeding and wintering raptors and other resident species associated with forest. Breeding birds include eight of the 21 species that are restricted in Europe to the Mediterranean biome (when breeding). Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (breeding), Falco naumanni.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Phylloscopus orientalis Eastern Bonelli's Warbler breeding 0 Abundant good B3
Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-owl resident 0 3 4 good B2, C6
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture breeding 0 3 4 good C6
Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture passage 0 Common good A1, B1iii, C1, C2
Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Snake-eagle breeding 0 8 10 good B2, C6
Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard resident 0 6 9 good B2, C6
Aquila pomarina Lesser Spotted Eagle breeding 0 7 8 good B2, C6
Aquila clanga Greater Spotted Eagle winter 0 15 20 good A1, C1
Aquila heliaca Imperial Eagle winter 0 4 6 unknown A1, C1
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle resident 0 3 4 good B2, C6
Hieraaetus pennatus Booted Eagle breeding 0 6 7 good B2, C6
Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike breeding 0 Abundant good A3, B2
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear breeding 0 Common good A3
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 0 - - unknown A3
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler breeding 0 Abundant good A3, B2, C6
Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler resident 0 Abundant good A3
Sylvia cantillans Subalpine Warbler breeding 0 Abundant good A3
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 0 Frequent good A3
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting breeding 0 Abundant good A3

Conservation issues
The main threats are from afforestation with plantations, forest grazing and increasingly intensive forest management. The site is a candidate SAC.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (low), afforestation (high), agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), consequences of animal/plant introductions (low), forest grazing (medium), intensified forest management (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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