Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR006 Evros delta
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Criteria: A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4,
Coordinates: 40o 52' N 26o 0' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-0 m
Area: 19000 ha

Site Description
A coastal wetland complex formed by the delta of the River Evros on the Greece/Turkey border (adjacent to Turkish IBA 001).

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (23%, Arable land), Forest (6%, Alluvial and very wet forest), Grassland (5%, Humid grasslands), Wetland (63%, Coastal lagoons; Salt marshes; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (80%), fisheries/aquaculture (20%), military (50%), nature conservation and research, tourism/recreation (30%), water management (100%)

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
4,600 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Delta Evrou, 4,600 ha). Part of IBA covered by Protected Area. 9,267 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Evros Delta, 9,267 ha).
12540 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) DELTA EVROU(GR1110001).

A very important site for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds, raptors and passerines. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (breeding, passage), Oxyura leucocephala (wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (breeding, wintering), Aquila heliaca (non-breeding), Falco naumanni (passage ), Larus audouinii (non-breeding). The site is a major migratory bottleneck, where more than 5,000 Ciconia ciconia regularly pass.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Cygnus olor Mute Swan winter 1993 744 - unknown B1i, C3
Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose winter 1988 - 116 unknown A1, B1i, C1, C2
Branta ruficollis Red-breasted Goose winter 0 - - unknown A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck winter 1995 1630 - unknown B1i, C3
Anas strepera Gadwall winter 1995 - 380 unknown B1i, C3
Anas penelope Eurasian Wigeon winter 1995 - 10850 unknown B1i, C3
Anas crecca Eurasian Teal winter 1995 - 13400 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Merops apiaster European Bee-eater breeding 0 - - unknown B2
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew passage 0 - - unknown A1, C1
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper passage 1992 380 - good A4i, B1i, C3
Calidris minuta Little Stint winter 1995 2300 - unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher resident 0 - - unknown B1i, C3
Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher winter 1995 212 - unknown B1i, C3
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet winter 1995 - 460 unknown B1i, B2, C2, C6
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet breeding 1997 100 - good B3, C6
Vanellus spinosus Spur-winged Lapwing breeding 1997 10 - good B2, C6
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole breeding 1997 150 250 average A4i, B1i, B2, C2
Larus melanocephalus Mediterranean Gull breeding 1997 250 - good B3, C2, C6
Sterna nilotica Gull-billed Tern breeding 1997 60 - average B2, C6
Sterna albifrons Little Tern breeding 1997 200 - good B1i, B2, C2, C6
Aquila clanga Greater Spotted Eagle winter 0 - - unknown A1, C1
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant winter 1997 26000 - good A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant winter 1997 7000 - good A4i, B1i, C3
Phoenicopterus ruber Greater Flamingo winter 1997 5000 - good A4i, B1i, C2
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis passage 1997 Abundant good A4i, B1i, C2
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill passage 1997 500 - good A4i, B1i, C2
Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican passage 1997 2600 - good A4i, B1i, C2
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican winter 1995 - 164 unknown A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Ciconia ciconia White Stork passage 0 - - unknown A4i, B1i, B1iv, C2
Calandrella brachydactyla Greater Short-toed Lark breeding 0 - - unknown B2, C6

Conservation issues
There are many threats to the site including the effects of intensive agriculture, drainage, groundwater abstraction and hunting. There have been two recent LIFE projects on Numenius tenuirostris and on Phalacrocorax pygmaeus and Anser erythropus . Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (high), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (low), drainage (high), dredging/canalization (medium), firewood collection (medium), forest grazing (medium), groundwater abstraction (high), industrialization/urbanization (low), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

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Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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