Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR007 Samothraki island
Send    Appendices 
Criteria: B1i, C2
Coordinates: 40o 28' N 25o 30' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-1611 m
Area: 17000 ha

Site Description
A mountainous island with oak Quercus forest in the north and extensive olive-groves and scrub in the south. The south-east is largely inaccessible.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Coastline/rocky areas (15%, Inland cliffs; Scree and boulders; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (33%, Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Treeline ecotone), Grassland (10%, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland), Shrubland (20%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (17%), fisheries/aquaculture, military (10%), not utilised (15%), other (10%), tourism/recreation (20%)

Protection status
National Partial International None
500ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Alonoudia/Alonia- Samothrakis, 500ha). 1,900ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Katsampas/Samothraki, 1,900ha).

The site is important for migratory species.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Phalacrocorax aristotelis European Shag resident 0 110 - good B1i, C2

Conservation issues
The main threat is from forest grazing. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: aquaculture/fisheries (medium), firewood collection (low), forest grazing (high), infrastructure (low), unsustainable exploitation (unknown)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: