Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR086 West and north Zakynthos
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Criteria: A3, B1i, C2
Coordinates: 37o 46' N 20o 41' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-431 m
Area: 13600 ha

Site Description
The area is dominated by maquis, Pinus forests and agricultural land.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Coastline/rocky areas (5%, Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (15%, Native coniferous woodland), Sea/marine area (5%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (60%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (80%), fisheries/aquaculture (5%), tourism/recreation (10%), urban/industrial/transport (5%)

Protection status
National None International None
21419 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) DYTIKES KAI VORIOANATOLIKES AKTES ZAKYNTHOU(GR2210001).

The site is important for species associated with scrub and coastal areas. Breeding birds include eight of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge resident 0 - - unknown A3
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon breeding 1996 2 6 average A3
Phalacrocorax aristotelis European Shag resident 1996 70 150 average B1i, C2
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear breeding 0 - - unknown A3
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler breeding 0 - - unknown A3
Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler resident 0 - - unknown A3
Sylvia cantillans Subalpine Warbler breeding 0 - - unknown A3
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 0 - - unknown A3
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting breeding 0 - - unknown A3

Conservation issues
The main threats are from shooting and excessive tourism development. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: disturbance to birds (medium), infrastructure (medium), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: