Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR090 Akarnanika mountains
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Criteria: A3, B2, B3, C6
Coordinates: 38o 45' N 21o 0' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-1589 m
Area: 39000 ha

Site Description
A mountain range extending from Amvrakikos gulf to the north of the Acheloos plain. The site is dominated by open Quercus forests, maquis and phrygana. Human activities include livestock-farming, arable agriculture, and aquaculture/fishing.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (15%, Arable land), Coastline/rocky areas (5%, Inland cliffs; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (25%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland), Sea/marine area (5%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (50%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (85%), fisheries/aquaculture (5%)

Protection status
National Partial International None
3,960ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Perganti- Xiromerou/Monastiraki- Vatouendash Thiriou, 3,960ha).5000 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) OROS TSEREKAS (AKARNANIKA)(GR2310011).

This is an important site for species characteristic of open montane habitats. Breeding birds include eight of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Falco naumanni (1- 4 breeding pairs).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge resident 1996 Common poor A3
Dendrocopos medius Middle Spotted Woodpecker resident 1996 Frequent good C6
Gyps fulvus Eurasian Griffon resident 1996 7 12 good C6
Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Snake-eagle breeding 1996 4 6 good C6
Hieraaetus fasciatus Bonelli's Eagle resident 1996 2 4 good B2, C6
Corvus monedula Eurasian Jackdaw resident 1996 1200 2000 good B3
Monticola solitarius Blue Rock-thrush resident 1996 Abundant good B2
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear resident 1996 Abundant good A3
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 1996 Abundant good A3, B3
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler breeding 1996 Rare unknown A3
Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler resident 1996 Abundant good A3
Sylvia cantillans Subalpine Warbler breeding 1996 Frequent average A3
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 1996 Rare unknown A3
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting breeding 1996 Common good A3

Conservation issues
The Quercus forest is threatened by heavy grazing pressure which is preventing regeneration. Harbour facilities in the south-western section of the IBA may be developed into an oil refinery.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (low), agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), aquaculture/fisheries (low), forest grazing (medium), groundwater abstraction (unknown), industrialization/urbanization (high), recreation/tourism (low), selective logging/cutting (unknown)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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