Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR049 Mount Gramos
Send    Appendices 
Criteria: B2, C6
Coordinates: 40o 20' N 20o 50' E (Map)
Altitude: 800-2520 m
Area: 45000 ha

Site Description
A mountain range on the Albanian border, with extensive pasture land, forests and cliffs. Human activities include forestry, livestock-farming, and hunting.

Habitats: Coastline/rocky areas (Inland cliffs), Forest (Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone), Grassland (Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland), Wetland (Rivers and streams)

Land use: agriculture, forestry

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
2,769ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Patoma, Mavri Petra, Limes, Arena, Lioukou, Stavro, 2,769ha). 1,100ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Katafiki/Gramou, 1,100ha). 3,200ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Arrenon Gramou/Gramou, 3,200ha). 4,100ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Reserve (Psoriarika- Tsarno, 4,100ha). 130ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Grammos Forest, 130ha). Part of IBA covered by Biogenetic Reserve.34470 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) KORYFES OROUS GRAMMOS(GR1320002).

This is an important area for resident raptors and species associated with alpine habitats.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle resident 1997 3 5 good B2, C6
Monticola saxatilis Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush breeding 1997 Frequent good B2
Anthus campestris Tawny Pipit breeding 1996 Frequent unknown B2, C6

Conservation issues
Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (low), disturbance to birds (unknown), infrastructure (unknown), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2021 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: