Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR066 Timfi (Gamila) and Smolikas mountains
Send    Appendices 
Criteria: A3, B2, C6
Coordinates: 40o 2' N 20o 50' E (Map)
Altitude: 500-2637 m
Area: 55000 ha

Site Description
A remote mountain range crossed by the Rivers Aoos and Voidomatis. The site is dominated by broadleaved, conifer and mixed forests and extensive subalpine grasslands at higher altitudes. Human activities include forestry, stock-raising, hunting and recreation.

Habitats: Coastline/rocky areas (10%, Inland cliffs; Scree and boulders), Forest (60%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland), Grassland (25%, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Mesophile grasslands), Shrubland (5%, Scrub)

Land use: agriculture (80%), forestry (40%), tourism/recreation (20%), water management (5%)

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
12,600 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Vikos-Aoos, 12,600 ha). 2,080 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Padon, 2,080 ha). 1,017 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Kedras-Papigou, 1,017 ha). 3,900 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Parletzi-Avalos/Vrisochoriou-Hliochoriou, 3,900 ha). 3,600 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Charadras Aoou/Konitsas-Eleftherou-Papigou, 3,600 ha).
19976 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) KORYFES OROUS SMOLIKA(GR2130002).27416 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) OROS TYMFI (GAMILA)(GR2130009).

This is an important site for breeding raptors, alpine and forest species. Breeding birds include four of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Eurasian high-montane biome.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge resident 1996 Frequent unknown B2
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture breeding 1997 5 - unknown B2, C6
Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Snake-eagle breeding 0 - - unknown C6
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle resident 0 2 3 unknown C6
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Red-billed Chough resident 1997 Uncommon unknown B2, C6
Pyrrhocorax graculus Yellow-billed Chough resident 1997 700 - average A3
Monticola saxatilis Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush breeding 1997 Frequent unknown B2
Tichodroma muraria Wallcreeper resident 0 - - unknown A3
Montifringilla nivalis White-winged Snowfinch resident 0 - - unknown A3
Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor resident 0 - - unknown A3

Conservation issues
The main threats are from plans for large-scale tourism development, existing water management schemes and hunting. A number of conservation and development studies have been conducted. A management plan exists. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (high), deforestation (commercial) (medium), extraction industry (low), forest grazing (medium), intensified forest management (high), recreation/tourism (high), selective logging/cutting (high), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2021 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: