Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR074 Kalamas estuary
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Criteria: A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Coordinates: 39o 32' N 20o 11' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-509 m
Area: 8531 ha

Site Description
The site comprises a canal with a delta of mudflats, saltmarshes, and lagoons. Two low hills are covered with dense scrub. Much of the area has been reclaimed for arable farming.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (48%, Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Sea/marine area (4%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (18%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (26%, Coastal lagoons; Mud flats and sand flats; Rivers and streams; Salt marshes)

Land use: agriculture (75%), fisheries/aquaculture (10%), tourism/recreation (5%), urban/industrial/transport (5%), water management

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
1,780 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Vatatsa-Divari/Igoumenitsas, 1,780 ha).
5531 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) YGROTOPOS EKVOLON KALAMA KAI NISOS PRASOUDI(GR2120005).

This site is important for breeding, passage and overwintering waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (passage, wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (wintering), Aquila heliaca (wintering), Gallinago media (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew passage 1997 2 - good A1, C1
Sterna albifrons Little Tern breeding 1992 40 - unknown C6
Aquila clanga Greater Spotted Eagle winter 1996 - 7 good A1, C1
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant winter 1988 - 65 good A1, C1
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant winter 1995 58 1017 good B1i, C3
Casmerodius albus Great Egret winter 1993 - 219 good A4i, B1i, C2
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis passage 1996 445 - good A4i, B1i, C2
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican winter 1996 1 22 unknown A1, C1
Calandrella brachydactyla Greater Short-toed Lark breeding 0 - - unknown C6

Conservation issues
The main threats come from habitat destruction and water pollution as a result of expanding intensive agriculture, road construction, over-grazing and hunting. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (high), burning of vegetation (medium), drainage (medium), infrastructure (medium), recreation/tourism (low), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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