Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR081 Amvrakikos gulf
Send    Appendices 
Criteria: A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Coordinates: 39o 0' N 21o 0' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-450 m
Area: 25000 ha

Site Description
The northern section of the site is formed by the deltas of the Louros and Arachtos rivers. It consists of brackish lagoons, a sandy coastal strip, saltmarsh, reedbeds ( Phragmites ), wet meadows, mudflats and remnant patches of alluvial forest. The lagoons are all used as fisheries.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Grassland (5%, Humid grasslands), Sea/marine area (5%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (5%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (70%, Coastal lagoons; Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Salt marshes; Sand dunes and beaches; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (25%), fisheries/aquaculture (70%), nature conservation and research, tourism/recreation (5%), urban/industrial/transport (5%), water management (70%)

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
10,500 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Limnothalassa Tsoukalio kai Valtos Rodias, 10,500 ha). 23,649 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Amvrakikos Gulf, 23,649 ha).
23004 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA(GR2110004).

This is an important site for wintering ducks and geese, breeding, passage and wintering raptors and migratory waders. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (wintering), Aquila heliaca (non-breeding), Falco naumanni (passage), Gallinago media (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Anas penelope Eurasian Wigeon winter 1996 20000 50000 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Anas clypeata Northern Shoveler winter 1996 7000 26000 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Anas acuta Northern Pintail winter 1996 8000 15000 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Anas crecca Eurasian Teal winter 1996 8000 30000 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Aythya ferina Common Pochard winter 1996 5000 22000 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck breeding 1996 25 100 unknown A1, B2, C1, C6
Fulica atra Common Coot winter 1996 20000 47000 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew passage 0 Rare unknown A1, C1
Tringa totanus Common Redshank winter 1996 800 2300 unknown B1i, C3
Calidris minuta Little Stint passage 1996 3000 8000 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper passage 1996 2000 6000 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Burhinus oedicnemus Eurasian Thick-knee breeding 1996 8 30 unknown B2, C6
Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher breeding 1996 8 12 unknown B1i, C3
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt breeding 1996 220 360 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover resident 1996 300 400 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C3
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover winter 1996 600 2500 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole breeding 1996 100 160 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Sterna nilotica Gull-billed Tern breeding 1996 80 120 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Sterna sandvicensis Sandwich Tern resident 1996 45 90 unknown C2
Sterna albifrons Little Tern breeding 1996 400 550 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Chlidonias hybridus Whiskered Tern breeding 1997 5 6 good B2, C6
Aquila clanga Greater Spotted Eagle winter 1996 3 4 unknown A1, C1
Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe winter 1996 900 2200 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant winter 1996 1200 1800 unknown B1i, C3
Egretta garzetta Little Egret passage 1996 800 1500 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Casmerodius albus Great Egret breeding 1996 130 200 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron breeding 1996 80 150 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-heron breeding 1996 50 100 unknown B2, C6
Ixobrychus minutus Little Bittern breeding 1996 30 60 unknown C2, C6
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis passage 1996 400 1200 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill breeding 1996 6 10 unknown B2, C6
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican resident 1996 45 50 unknown A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Ciconia ciconia White Stork breeding 1996 70 80 unknown C6
Calandrella brachydactyla Greater Short-toed Lark breeding 1996 Abundant unknown B2, C6

Conservation issues
The site is threatened by water-management schemes, large-scale work to improve fish production in the lagoons, intensive agriculture, hunting, and urban and industrial expansion. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (high), aquaculture/fisheries (high), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (unknown), disturbance to birds (high), drainage (medium), dredging/canalization (high), extraction industry (medium), groundwater abstraction (high), industrialization/urbanization (high), infrastructure (unknown), recreation/tourism (high), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2021 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: