Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR010 Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida)
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Criteria: A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Coordinates: 40o 58' N 25o 17' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-54 m
Area: 6500 ha

Site Description
A coastal wetland complex. It consists of the freshwater Lake Mitrikou, surrounded by extensive reedbeds ( Phragmites ), coastal lagoons and saltmarsh.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (10%, Arable land), Wetland (90%, Coastal lagoons; Mud flats and sand flats; Rivers and streams; Salt marshes; Sand dunes and beaches; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (10%), fisheries/aquaculture (85%), tourism/recreation (5%), water management (85%)

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Mavromatiou-Limni Mitrikou/Imerou-Mavromatiou, 1,900 ha). Part of IBA covered by Protected Area. Part of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Lake Vistonis, Porto Lagos, Lake Ismaris and adjoining lagoons, 24,396 ha).

The area is important for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds, and breeding species associated with reedbeds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Branta ruficollis (0- 3 wintering individuals), Oxyura leucocephala (wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (wintering), Aquila heliaca (passage), Falco naumanni (passage), Larus audouinii . The site holds 20,000 waterbirds in winter, on a regular basis (including Tadorna tadorna 2,500; Anas penelope 6,000; Anas crecca 3,500; Anas platyrhynchos 10,000; Recurvirostra avosetta 2,500; Larus ridibundus 3,000).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Cygnus olor Mute Swan winter 1996 500 1400 unknown B1i, C3
Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose winter 1997 20 - unknown A1, C1
Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck resident 0 Uncommon unknown B2, C6
Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck winter 1996 800 2500 unknown B1i, C3
Anas penelope Eurasian Wigeon winter 1996 1500 6000 unknown B1i, C3
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck resident 0 Common unknown B2, C6
Merops apiaster European Bee-eater breeding 0 Abundant unknown B2
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew passage 1997 - 1 unknown A1, C1
Burhinus oedicnemus Eurasian Thick-knee breeding 0 Common unknown C6
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet winter 1996 700 2500 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C6
Vanellus spinosus Spur-winged Lapwing breeding 1993 - 4 unknown B2, C6
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole breeding 0 20 100 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2
Larus melanocephalus Mediterranean Gull breeding 0 - 600 unknown B3, C2, C6
Larus minutus Little Gull passage 0 - 1200 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Chlidonias hybridus Whiskered Tern breeding 0 30 110 unknown B2, C6
Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe winter 0 - 1000 unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant resident 1996 Frequent unknown B2, C6
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant winter 1997 110 350 unknown A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant winter 1996 700 2500 unknown B1i, C3
Casmerodius albus Great Egret winter 0 - 280 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron breeding 0 - 80 unknown B2, C2, C6
Ixobrychus minutus Little Bittern breeding 0 20 50 unknown C6
Phoenicopterus ruber Greater Flamingo passage 1996 1500 5500 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis passage 1996 50 2500 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill resident 0 - 110 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican passage 1996 Abundant unknown A1, C1
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican winter 1996 50 600 unknown A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2

Conservation issues
Chemical and sewerage pollution, water abstraction, hunting, the expansion of agricultural land and infrastructure developments are the main threats. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (high), aquaculture/fisheries (medium), drainage (unknown), groundwater abstraction (medium), industrialization/urbanization (high), infrastructure (high), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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