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Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR129 North, east and south Kithira island
Send    Appendices 
Criteria: A1, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C5, C6
Coordinates: 36o 14' N 23o 3' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-507 m
Area: 18000 ha

Images
Site Description
The site includes parts of Kithira and the adjacent islets. Human activities include arable agriculture, livestock-farming, tourism, hunting, and fishing. There is also some military use of the site.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (30%, Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land), Coastline/rocky areas (10%, Inland cliffs; Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Sea/marine area (10%, Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (60%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (Sand dunes and beaches; Shingle or stony beaches)

Land use: agriculture (50%), fisheries/aquaculture (10%), military (5%), tourism/recreation (35%)

Appendices
Protection status
National Partial International Low
3,000 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Thalaria Kythiron, 3,000 ha).
8578 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) KYTHIRA KAI GYRO NHSIDES: PRASONISI, DRAGONERA, ANTIDRAGONERA, AVGO, KAPELLO, KOUFO KAI FIDONISI(GR3000013).


Birds
Two hundred and thirty-six species have been recorded. The site is a migratory bottleneck, where more than 3,000 raptors regularly pass in autumn. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila heliaca (up to 2 wintering individuals), Falco naumanni (passage) .

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck passage 1996 5 70 poor A1, C1
Larus audouinii Audouin's Gull resident 1996 30 - good A1, B2, C1, C6
Falco tinnunculus Common Kestrel resident 1996 60 70 good B2
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon breeding 1996 Abundant unknown B2, C6
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon resident 1996 13 15 good B2, C6
Phalacrocorax aristotelis European Shag resident 1996 45 70 average B1i, C2
Calonectris diomedea Cory's Shearwater resident 1996 300 600 average B1ii, B2, C2, C6
Puffinus yelkouan Yelkouan Shearwater resident 1996 600 650 average A4ii, B1ii, B3, C2
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 1996 100 150 average B3, C2, C6
Appendices

Conservation issues
Threats come from uncontrolled grazing, fire, and land reclamation for building. Hunting is also a threat, particularly during autumn. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: afforestation (high), agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), burning of vegetation (medium), industrialization/urbanization (medium), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)
Appendices


Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society


IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2017 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail: info@ornithologiki.gr
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: thess@ornithologiki.gr