gr
Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR143 Ikaria island
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Criteria: A1, B2, C1, C6
Coordinates: 37o 36' N 26o 10' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-1037 m
Area: 26700 ha

Site Description
A mountainous island forested in the centre with pine Pinus and oak Quercus . The western side of the island is dominated by maquis, the east by phrygana. There are a number of small coastal wetlands and artificial wetlands. Human activities include livestock-farming, angling, hunting, and tourism.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Arable land), Coastline/rocky areas (30%, Inland cliffs; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (25%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland), Sea/marine area (Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (20%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (Rivers and streams; Sand dunes and beaches; Standing brackish and salt water)

Land use: agriculture (50%), fisheries/aquaculture (5%), not utilised (10%), tourism/recreation (20%), urban/industrial/transport (5%), water management (10%)

Appendices
Protection status
National None International None
7800 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) NISOS IKARIA (NOTIODYTIKO TMIMA)(GR4120005).


Birds
The site is important for breeding raptors and passage migrants. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla, Falco naumanni (3- 5 breeding pairs).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard resident 1996 5 5 average B2
Hieraaetus fasciatus Bonelli's Eagle resident 1996 3 3 average B2
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon breeding 1996 Abundant unknown B2
Emberiza cineracea Cinereous Bunting breeding 0 - - unknown A1, B2, C1, C6
Appendices

Conservation issues
The main threats are the grazing of livestock and the building of new roads. Hunting and tourism are limited. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (low), agricultural intensification/expansion (high), deforestation (commercial) (medium), firewood collection (medium), forest grazing (high), infrastructure (medium), selective logging/cutting (medium), unsustainable exploitation (low)
Appendices


Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society


IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2017 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail: info@ornithologiki.gr
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: thess@ornithologiki.gr