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Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR169 Simi island and adjacent islets
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Criteria: A1, B2, C1
Coordinates: 36o 35' N 27o 51' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-620 m
Area: 6500 ha

Images
Site Description
Simi is rocky and covered with phrygana and conifer forest. The adjacent islets are unvegetated or covered with scrub. Human activities include fishing, tourism, stock-raising, and arable agriculture.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (5%, Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land), Coastline/rocky areas (25%, Rock stacks and islets; Scree and boulders; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (20%, Native coniferous woodland), Sea/marine area (5%, Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (55%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (80%), fisheries/aquaculture (5%), military, not utilised (10%), tourism/recreation (10%)

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Protection status
National None International None
2150 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) ANATOLIKO TMIMA NISOU SYMIS KAI NISIDES KOULOUNDROS, SESKLI, TROUMPETO, MARMARAS, KARAVALONISI, MEGALONISI, GIALESINO, OXEIA, CHONDROS, PLATI, NIMOS(GR4210025).


Birds
This is an important site for seabirds.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Larus audouinii Audouin's Gull resident 1997 12 - good A1, C1
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon breeding 1996 Frequent unknown B2
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Conservation issues
Overfishing and illegal fishing with dynamite are serious problems. Fires are a potential threat.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (medium), aquaculture/fisheries (medium), burning of vegetation (unknown), groundwater abstraction (unknown), infrastructure (high), recreation/tourism (high), selective logging/cutting (low), unsustainable exploitation (medium)
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Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society


IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2017 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail: info@ornithologiki.gr
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: thess@ornithologiki.gr