Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
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GR180 Lake Kourna, Almyrou delta, and Georgioupolis beach
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Criteria: C7
Coordinates: 35o 21' N 24o 16' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-527 m
Area: 4430 ha

Site Description
The site contains one of the few freshwater lakes in Crete, as well as coastal marshes, a brackish lake, sand-dunes, cliffs and a marine zone.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas), Coastline/rocky areas (10%, Inland cliffs; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (5%, Alluvial and very wet forest), Grassland (5%, Humid grasslands), Shrubland (30%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (35%, Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Salt marshes; Standing freshwater; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters)

Land use: agriculture (60%), tourism/recreation (10%), urban/industrial/transport (10%)

Protection status
National None International None
200 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) LIMNI KOURNA KAI EKVOLI ALMYROU(GR4340022).

This is an important site for breeding, migrant and wintering waterbirds and passerines. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (wintering), Aythya nyroca (wintering), Aquila clanga (passage), Gallinago media (passage, wintering), Larus audouinii (wintering).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria

Conservation issues
The main threats are from the building of hotels, disturbance from tourists, groundwater abstraction and hunting. There has been a LIFE project investigating protection and management of the site. The site is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), filling-in of wetlands (high), groundwater abstraction (high), recreation/tourism (high), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2019 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail:
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: