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Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR004 Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest
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Criteria: A1, A3, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Coordinates: 41o 11' N 26o 18' E (Map)
Altitude: 10-620 m
Area: 42370 ha

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Site Description
The forest lies at the south-eastern end of Mount Rodopi. The site is a mosaic of mature forest, meadows, small areas of cultivation and rivers.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (25%, Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Ruderal land), Forest (60%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland), Grassland (5%, Steppes and dry calcareous grassland), Shrubland (5%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (5%, Rivers and streams; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (20%), forestry (62%), military (6%), nature conservation and research (20%), tourism/recreation (5%)

Appendices
Protection status
National Partial International Partial
7,200 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Dadia-Lefkimi-Lykofis Forest, 7,200 ha). 1,186 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Zioga-Kalivia/Dadias, Soufliou, 1,187 ha).
42170 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) DASOS DADIAS-SOUFLI(GR1110002).


Birds
This is a very important site for breeding and wintering raptors with 36 species recorded. Breeding birds include eight of the 21 species that are restricted in Europe to the Mediterranean biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (3- 6 wintering individuals), Aquila heliaca (breeding, 2- 4 wintering individuals), Falco naumanni .

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-owl resident 0 5 6 good B2, C6
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture breeding 0 9 11 good B2, C6
Gyps fulvus Eurasian Griffon breeding 0 40 60 good C6
Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture resident 0 90 100 good A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Snake-eagle breeding 0 15 20 good B2, C6
Accipiter brevipes Levant Sparrowhawk breeding 0 8 12 poor B2
Aquila pomarina Lesser Spotted Eagle breeding 0 15 17 good B2, C6
Aquila clanga Greater Spotted Eagle winter 0 6 15 good A1, C1
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle resident 0 4 6 good B2, C6
Hieraaetus pennatus Booted Eagle breeding 0 7 9 good B2, C6
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-heron breeding 0 70 100 good B2, C6
Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike breeding 0 Common good A3, B2
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear breeding 0 Common good A3
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 0 - - unknown A3
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler breeding 0 Frequent good A3, B2, C6
Sylvia hortensis Orphean Warbler breeding 0 Frequent average B2
Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler resident 0 Common good A3
Sylvia cantillans Subalpine Warbler breeding 0 Common good A3
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 0 Frequent good A3
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting breeding 0 Abundant good A3
Appendices

Conservation issues
The main threats are from intensive forest management, afforestation with conifer plantations and fire. The use of poisoned baits to kill raptors and the recent building of a military camp are also threats. A core area of 7,258ha is strictly protected. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (low), afforestation (medium), agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), burning of vegetation (high), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (low), firewood collection (medium), forest grazing (low), groundwater abstraction (medium), intensified forest management (medium), unsustainable exploitation (medium)
Appendices


Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society


IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2017 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail: info@ornithologiki.gr
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: thess@ornithologiki.gr