Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR047 Lake Mikri Prespa and Lake Megali Prespa
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Criteria: A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Coordinates: 40o 45' N 21o 3' E (Map)
Altitude: 849-2334 m
Area: 33000 ha

Site Description
Two freshwater lakes, Mikri and Megali Prespa, in a mountainous area. The lakes have extensive reedbeds ( Phragmites ) and small areas of wet meadow. The site lies adjacent to Albanian IBAs 003 and 004 and to site 006 in the FYR Macedonia.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (10%, Arable land), Coastline/rocky areas (Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (40%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone), Grassland (Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands), Wetland (30%, Standing freshwater)

Land use: agriculture (15%), fisheries/aquaculture (27%), forestry (40%), nature conservation and research (5%), water management

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
900 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Vronterou, 900 ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Sfina, Prespon, 6,700 ha). 19,470 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Prespes, 19,470 ha). 12 ha of IBA covered by Biogenetic Reserve (Council of Europe) (Ethnikos Drymos Prespon (Dasos Kedron), 12 ha). 8,000 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Lakes Mikri Prespa and Megali Prespa, 8,000 ha).
26620 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON(GR1340001).6071 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) ORI VARNOUNTA(GR1340003).

This is an important site for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (3 breeding pairs).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck winter 1994 150 8850 good B1i, C3
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant resident 1996 314 400 good A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant breeding 1996 733 733 good B1i, C3
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron breeding 1996 10 20 average C2, C6
Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican breeding 1996 100 100 good B2, C6
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican breeding 1996 500 500 good A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6

Conservation issues
The main threats are from hunting, disturbance and agricultural intensification. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (medium), agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), consequences of animal/plant introductions (medium), disturbance to birds (medium), forest grazing (low), industrialization/urbanization (low), infrastructure (low), intensified forest management (low), recreation/tourism (low), selective logging/cutting (low), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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