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Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR073 Mounts Tsamanta, Filiaton, Pharmakovouni, and Megali Rahi
Send    Appendices 
Criteria: A1, B2, C1, C6
Coordinates: 39o 45' N 20o 30' E (Map)
Altitude: 200-1806 m
Area: 21000 ha

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Site Description
A mountainous area on the border with Albania. At higher altitudes there are extensive areas of alpine pasture and some conifer forests. Lower down, deciduous forest and scrub dominates. Human activities include stock-raising, hunting, and forestry.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (5%, Ruderal land), Coastline/rocky areas (5%, Inland cliffs), Forest (60%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland), Grassland (20%, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland), Shrubland (20%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (50%), forestry, not utilised

Appendices
Protection status
National Low International None
1,350ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Panagia- Kourouza- Makralexi/Lavdani- Ag. Marina Pogo, 1,350ha).19906 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) ORI TSAMANTA, FILIATRON, FARMAKOVOUNI, MEGALI RACHI(GR2120009).


Birds
This is an important site for raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila heliaca .

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture breeding 1997 3 - good C6
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle resident 1997 2 3 good C6
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel passage 1997 Common good A1, C1
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Red-billed Chough resident 1997 10 20 average B2, C6
Monticola saxatilis Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush breeding 1997 Common unknown B2
Appendices

Conservation issues
The main threats are from shooting, the use of poisoned baits, and road construction. In 1997 HOS carried out a survey of Aquila heliaca .

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (medium), agricultural intensification/expansion (low), infrastructure (medium), unknown (unknown), unsustainable exploitation (high)
Appendices


Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society


IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
Copyright © 2017 Hellenic Ornithological Society
Themistokleous 80, GR-10681, Athens, Greece, Tel/Fax: +30 210 8227937, +30 210 8228704, e-mail: info@ornithologiki.gr
Komninon 23, GR-54624, Thessaloniki, Greece, Tel/ Fax: +30 2310 244245, e-mail: thess@ornithologiki.gr