Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR073 Mounts Tsamanta, Filiaton, Pharmakovouni, and Megali Rahi
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Criteria: A1, B2, C1, C6
Coordinates: 39o 45' N 20o 30' E (Map)
Altitude: 200-1806 m
Area: 21000 ha

Site Description
A mountainous area on the border with Albania. At higher altitudes there are extensive areas of alpine pasture and some conifer forests. Lower down, deciduous forest and scrub dominates. Human activities include stock-raising, hunting, and forestry.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (5%, Ruderal land), Coastline/rocky areas (5%, Inland cliffs), Forest (60%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland), Grassland (20%, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland), Shrubland (20%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (50%), forestry, not utilised

Protection status
National Low International None
1,350ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Panagia- Kourouza- Makralexi/Lavdani- Ag. Marina Pogo, 1,350ha).19906 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) ORI TSAMANTA, FILIATRON, FARMAKOVOUNI, MEGALI RACHI(GR2120009).

This is an important site for raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila heliaca .

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture breeding 1997 3 - good C6
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle resident 1997 2 3 good C6
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel passage 1997 Common good A1, C1
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Red-billed Chough resident 1997 10 20 average B2, C6
Monticola saxatilis Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush breeding 1997 Common unknown B2

Conservation issues
The main threats are from shooting, the use of poisoned baits, and road construction. In 1997 HOS carried out a survey of Aquila heliaca .

Threats: abandonment/reduction of land management (medium), agricultural intensification/expansion (low), infrastructure (medium), unknown (unknown), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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