Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR077 Acheron delta and gorge
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Criteria: A3, A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Coordinates: 39o 15' N 20o 30' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-350 m
Area: 6000 ha

Site Description
The inland part of the site consists of arable cultivation and a gorge with cliffs, deciduous forest and scrub. The coastal delta includes brackish marshes and low, scrub-dominated hills. Human activities include arable agriculture, livestock-farming, recreation and hunting.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Arable land), Coastline/rocky areas (5%, Inland cliffs; Scree and boulders), Forest (20%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland), Shrubland (15%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (40%, Rivers and streams; Sand dunes and beaches; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (60%), tourism/recreation (20%)

Protection status
National None International None
11692 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) ORI PARAMYTHIAS, STENA KALAMA ΚΑΙ STENA ACHERONTA(GR2120008).

The site is important for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds and raptors. Breeding birds include eight of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (wintering), Pelecanus crispus (non-breeding), Aythya nyroca (non-breeding), Gallinago media (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge resident 1994 Common unknown A3
Hieraaetus fasciatus Bonelli's Eagle resident 1994 2 2 unknown C6
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis passage 1996 250 - unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear breeding 1995 Common unknown A3
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 1995 Frequent unknown A3
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler breeding 1994 Uncommon unknown A3
Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler resident 1995 Common unknown A3
Sylvia cantillans Subalpine Warbler breeding 1995 Common unknown A3
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 1994 Uncommon unknown A3
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting breeding 1994 Frequent unknown A3

Conservation issues
Major threats are from drainage, agricultural expansion and hunting. The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), disturbance to birds (medium), drainage (high), forest grazing (low), recreation/tourism (high), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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